The Pennsylvania State University, Department of Statistics,
421 Thomas Building, University Park, PA 16802
Tel: 814/865-9442 • Fax: 814/865-1278 • Email: gpp@stat.psu.edu


Statistics and Significance

Science strives for the discovery of significant Scientific Truth. It is Statistics that takes care of the uncertainty of the Scientific Method consisting of design, analysis, and interpretation, and even the assessment of significance. The society in which we live has chosen to fully use Statistics as a decisive instrument to deal with societal crises, whether they be related to environment, education, economy, energy, engineering or excellence. While it is exciting that we are alive in the age of information, and while it is unfortunate that we find ourselves in the crisis of environment, it is only a bliss to have the opportunity to more effectively serve the cross-disciplinary cause of statistics, ecology, environment, and society in the research, training, and outreach setting.

Raster Map and Change Map

What message does a remote sensing-derived land cover land use map have about the large landscape it represents? And at what scale and at what level of detail?...Does the spatial pattern of the map reveal any societal, ecological, environmental condition of the landscape? And therefore can it be an indicator of change?...How do you automate the assessment of the spatial structure and behavior of change to discover critical areas, hot spots, and their corridors?...Is the map accurate? How accurate is it? How do you assess the accuracy of the map? Of the change map over time for change detection? What are the implications of the kind and amount of change and accuracy on what matters, whether climate change, carbon emission, water resources, urban sprawl, biodiversity, indicator species, or early warning? And with what confidence, even with a single map/change-map? ...Research is expected to find answers to these questions and a few more that involve multicategorical raster maps based on remote sensing and other geospatial data. It is also expected to design a prototype advanced raster map analysis system for digital governance.

Surveillance Geoinformatics and Digital Governance

Geoinformatic surveillance for spatial and temporal hotspot detection and prioritization is a critical need for the 21st century Digital Government. A hotspot can mean an unusual phenomenon, anomaly, aberration, outbreak, elevated cluster, or critical area. The declared need may be for monitoring, etiology, management, or early warning. The responsible factors may be natural, accidental or intentional, with relevance to both infrastructure and homeland security. This involves critical societal issues, such as carbon budgets, water resources, ecosystem health, public health, drinking water distribution system, persistent poverty, environmental justice, crop pathogens, invasive species, biosecurity, biosurveillance, remote sensor networks, early warning and homeland security. The geosurveillance provides an excellent opportunity, challenge, and vehicle for synergistic collaboration of computational, technical, and social scientists.